What is Times Tables Rock Stars?
In either paper form or online, Times Tables Rock Stars is a carefully sequenced programme of daily times tables practice.
Each week concentrates on a different times table, with a recommended consolidation week for rehearsing the tables that have recently been practiced every third week or so.
This format has very successfully boosted times tables recall speed for hundreds of pupils over the last 4 years at King Solomon Academy, the school in which it was created. Now it is used in over 2500 schools – both primary and secondary – worldwide.
In my year 7 classes at the start of every year, it’s a sad truth that not all of them know their times tables off by heart. By not having this basic building block, problem-solving later on in maths is always going to be light on solving and big on problems.
Rather than hoping the problem would go away, I set out to fix it.
There is a place for repetitive practice in the maths classroom (so long as it’s engaging…see here) and, when combined with other methods too, mastery of times tables is well suited to practising and practising.
In my mixed-ability year 7 classes, I knew some of my pupils already had rapid times table recall at the start of the year while others could take anywhere up to 15 seconds per question. So I started looking for a way for pupils to enjoy drilling their times tables every day. That posed a challenge – how to make it interesting and fun for all of them, irrespective of their current speed.
I started to come up with a basic format:
Pupils would get daily practice every week.
Practice means answering about 50 questions each day.
They would focus on one particular times table for the entire week, starting with the 3s. Some weeks would review a few times tables at once.
Questions had to involve division as well as multiplication.
The speed with which they correctly answered questions was the thing I wanted to improve.
A baseline speed compared to a ‘final’ speed many weeks later would show whether any progress had been made.
The Plan was not sounding particularly fun until I was inspired by a colleague. Mazzle Dazzle, as I call her, used to go round calling everyone a ‘rockstar’ for a job well done. When she called me a rockstar one day, I was glowing inside for hours afterwards. Somehow it felt like more of an accolade than a compliment. And that’s how I wanted my pupils to feel.
It turned out, the missing ingredients of fun were music and rewards. I realised pupils wanted to hear a bit of music in their lessons and be rewarded with a status or title, so I came up with the idea of pupils being known as ‘time tables rockstars’. Times tables rockstars, much like their musical counterparts, needed daily practice to get to the top and this analogy got me some early buy-in with the pupils. Over time, the other thing they started to share with real rock icons, was the excitement of performing well. Pupils enjoyed the feeling of getting faster and the self-adulation that began entering their consciousness. For some of them, they finally started feeling ‘worthy’ in the maths classroom. And so I continued to build around the rockstar analogy to propel and embed their excitement further.
It needed a name (Times Tables Rock Stars) and so did they; they were given a made-up rock name (like Iggy Winter, Zander Wells or Oscar Hendrix), which itself created excitement, and then posters started appearing around school with their alter-ego’s name. I built a website to display their weekly chart positions and created a three-tier status for them to work towards:
Busker – takes more than 3 seconds to answer a times tables question
Rock Star – can answer times tables questions in 3 seconds or less
Rock Legend – can answer times tables questions in 2 seconds or less
In time, some of them got so quick at their times tables that I had to create a new status, Rock God, for those answering in under one second!
If operated as intended – a regime of daily practice for 20 school weeks – then pupils will become more confident and more successful in maths. The last three year 7 cohorts at King Solomon Academy have completed the full course, all with significant success. Above 90% of all pupils were Rock Stars or better by the end, compared to only 25% before the start. More than that, now that some of them are in year 10, they are flying through GCSE content because they’re not being held back by poor times tables recall.
Other schools have adopted (and adapted) it too and from what I hear, their pupils are enjoying it and improving their times tables recall speed.